open
Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 14:28

Education

Education is one of the eight domains under the Canadian Index of Wellbeing.

What do you think about these indicators: which do you like and not like, and for what reason?

Are we missing any key indicators under this theme for Yukon? 

Indicators

  • Amount of time spent in talk-based activities with children aged 0 to 14 years
  • Percentage of children aged 0 to 5 years for whom there is a regulated centre-based child care space
  • Ratio of students to educators in public schools
  • Average expenditure per public school student ($2013)
  • Percentage of population aged 25 and older participating in education-related activities
  • Average annual Canadian undergraduate tuition fees ($2015)
  • Percentage of Canadians 20 to 24 years of age in labour force completing high school
  • Percentage of 25 to 64 year olds in population with a university degree

Comments

yukonna
Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 20:12
Not sure about talk based activities measure. I’m not sure what that is meant to represent. I would want to see education that is tied to employment (education/ training is relevant). Cost per student may not be relevant, the real test is what is the system producing as outcomes, are Yukon students prepared for post-sec?
favorite like
2 liked this
John
Monday, April 29, 2019 - 21:18
Hello Yukonna! Thanks for your comment. I appreciate your point about thinking about how education connects to employment. How do we anticipate jobs that we know exist today, and also ones that haven't been invented yet? In a world that is changing fast, what skills and education do we think will be timeless?
favorite like
1 liked this
kpor
Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 22:59
I also don't know about the talk-based activities. They list it as social-emotional, but might it fit better in the mental health measure under health? What about graduation rates and literacy/numeracy measures? I disagree that 'regulated centre-based child care' is optimal for children 0-5. We have a lot of great parents who stay at home with their infants/toddlers and prepare them very well for school and life. (Wouldn't it be interesting to poll the kids getting academic, sports and music awards - I suspect a lot of them didn't go to daycare)
favorite like
2 liked this
Marilyn
Wednesday, May 8, 2019 - 01:16
It concerns me that the indicators listed are based on what currently exists, suggesting that these are accepted indicators of wellbeing. I would like to see a broader range of questions regarding education and its relevance to childrens' wellbeing. Is this study of well being based on the assumption that the education system as it currently exists is the only option we have, and that we only can comment on modifying ratios, statistics, and money spent? Could we not ask questions about the system, and whether it is adequate, if not exemplary in supporting children's wellbeing ? The assumption that the system as it exists is adequately supporting children's wellbeing, and only needs to be modified, limits the discussion, and therefore any possibility of approaching excellence in providing for children' wellbeing.
favorite like
1 liked this
ben.horowitz
Wednesday, May 8, 2019 - 14:24
Thank you so much for your taking the time to weigh in, Marilyn. Part of this work in adapting a tool like this for Yukon is asking these important questions you have raised about the very system itself, and challenging our assumptions. I would also like to share a recent body of work around measuring Canada's child and youth wellbeing that takes a much deeper dive using a collection of 125 indicators. We will definitely want to pull from those as we build a tool that works for Yukon. Have a look and let me know your thoughts! https://oneyouth.unicef.ca/en/child-and-youth-well-being-index
favorite like
0 liked this
valerie
Monday, May 13, 2019 - 09:22
There is a large and growing number of immigrants in the Yukon. One issue among this population is difficulty getting their foreign credentials recognized. Perhaps we can have a question to address this- or an assessment of how much employees feel they use their education in their work. Another important topic is peoples access to literacy - do people feel that they have access to the education they need? If an adult reports 0 hours in education related activities it could mean they either have no need for it or they can't access it. It would be important to know how may individuals fall into each category. An indication of how much education is provided by employers for career development or further education may be useful as well. This may include things like going to conferences, workplace literacy programs etc;
favorite like
0 liked this
valerie
Wednesday, May 15, 2019 - 09:31
In Canada, many adults have low literacy. Gaining an understanding of this in Yukon would be important. In 2012 the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) found that 17% of Canadians had literacy skills at level 1 or lower. 32% had literacy proficiency at level 2. In addition there are some key differences in Yukon, see this quote below taken from "Yukon Literacy Strategy 2016-2019": "(PIAAC) survey identifies a number of areas of concern. While Yukon as a whole placed high in a number of areas, this must not obscure the differences between groups within Yukon, and the need to focus efforts on those who have the poorest skills, experience the most barriers, and have the least opportunity to improve their literacy. For example, PIAAC found that: • Yukon’s youth ages 16-24 scored lower than the Canadian and international youth averages in literacy and numeracy; • The territory has a higher than average number of respondents at the lowest levels in the areas the survey the measured; and • There is a large gap between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal scores, with the Aboriginal population scoring consistently lower. " http://www.education.gov.yk.ca/pdf/training_and_work_experience/Literacy-Strategy-2016.pdf https://www.oecd.org/skills/piaac/Key%20facts%20about%20the%20Survey%20of%20Adult%20Skills.pdf
favorite like
0 liked this
valerie
Monday, May 13, 2019 - 09:37
-
favorite like
0 liked this
open
Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 12:00

Community vitality

Community vitality is one of the eight domains under the Canadian Index of Wellbeing

What do you think about these indicators: which do you like and not like, and for what reason?

Are we missing any key indicators under this theme for Yukon? 

Indicators

  • Percentage of population that reports very or somewhat strong sense of belonging to community
  • Percentage of population reporting unpaid, formal volunteering for groups or organizations
  • Percentage of population with 5 or more close friends
  • Percentage of population that provides unpaid help to others on their own
  • Percentage of population that feels safe walking alone after dark
  • Crime Severity Index
  • Percentage experiencing discrimination in past 5 years based on ethno-cultural characteristics
  • Percentage of population that believe that most or many people can be trusted

Comments

yukonna
Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 20:22
% of funding for cultural and arts festivals that promote inclusion (Adaka, pride, film festival. % of people with understanding of YFN history
favorite like
1 liked this
Marilyn
Wednesday, May 8, 2019 - 01:36
Community vitality cannot be adequately reflected by percentages. In Yukon Territory, the First Nation people primarily exist on the edge of any community, when percentages are used to represent 'reality'. Non First Nation persons, either native to YT or not, are likely to feel, and contribute to community vitality, in that the community that exists is familiar to their culture, regardless of what their culture is. My guess is that First Nation persons will not be well represented in the percentages, and those that are, may not be representative of the the majority of First Nation persons living in any community in YT. I feel that any indicators that are used in this territory that are not designed to accommodate the stark differences that exist between First Nations' and all other cultures' daily life 'reality" will result in misrepresentation of the majority's sense of "Community Vitality'.
favorite like
1 liked this
ben.horowitz
Thursday, May 9, 2019 - 10:29
Thank you again for this valuable perspective, Marilyn. Our team is working to ensure that First Nations' traditional knowledge is incorporated into this project, and we hope to do that by customizing the Community Wellbeing Survey later this fall to reflect First Nations ways of knowing and doing. We are also committed to upholding the principles of Ownership, Control, Access and Possession of Data (OCAP), meaning that any survey data sent to us from First Nations or First Nations' citizens will be the property of that First Nation and only with permission and consent will we publish and share it. In the spirit of the OCAP principles promoted by the Council of Yukon First Nations in a 2006 resolution, I truly believe that this work can be a benefit to Yukon First Nations: "OCAP will enhance First Nations control and capacity and lead to more useful and reliable information that will benefit First Nations communities, enable more informed decisions, and create better results." Informed decision making, leading to better results, is why I believe so strongly in this work. Data is a starting point to facilitate awareness and understanding, and understanding can lead to informed action, which can lead to better wellbeing outcomes for all. I hope you will continue to support this work with your input, and please do not hesitate to contact me directly.
favorite like
0 liked this
open
Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 12:00

Living standards

Living standards is one of the eight domains under the Canadian Index of Wellbeing.

What do you think about these indicators: which do you like and not like, and for what reason?

Are we missing any key indicators under this theme for Yukon? 

Indicators

  • After-tax median income of economic families ($2013)
  • Gini coefficient (income gap)
  • Percentage of persons in low income based on low income cut-off (LICO)
  • Percentage of households that are moderately or severely food insecure
  • Percentage of labour force employed
  • Percentage of labour force in long-term unemployment
  • CIBC index of employment quality (1994 QI=100)
  • Housing affordability based on Shelter Consumption Affordability Ratio (SCAR)

Comments

kpor
Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 23:38
Clean water?
favorite like
0 liked this
John
Monday, April 29, 2019 - 21:21
Good point Kpor. It is easy to overlook the importance of clean water.
favorite like
0 liked this
Marilyn
Wednesday, May 8, 2019 - 02:11
How will you represent the First Nation population with these indicators? On reserve, or off reserve, a First Nation person's living standards are assessed by a cultural standard different than their's. How can you represent living standards adequately, when a significant group of people, due to their culture, will not be seen in the percentages? How can we address the stark difference, and inadequaciies with regard to living standards, when a significant group is not represented in percentages?
favorite like
0 liked this
open
Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 12:00

Leisure and culture

Leisure and culture is one of the eight domains under the Canadian Index of Wellbeing.

What do you think about these indicators: which do you like and not like, and for what reason?

Are we missing any key indicators under this theme for Yukon? 

Indicators

  • Average percentage of time spent on the previous day in social leisure activities
  • Average percentage of time spent on the previous day in arts and culture activities
  • Average monthly frequency of participation in physical activity lasting over 15 minutes
  • Average attendance per performance in past year at all performing arts performances
  • Average number of hours volunteering for culture and/or recreation organizations
  • Average number of nights away on vacation trips to destinations at least 80km from home
  • Expenditures on all culture and recreation as a percentage of total household expenditures
  • Average visitation per site to all National Parks and National Historic Sites

Comments

yukonna
Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 20:31
These are quite bizarre for the north. Cultural activities are not necessarily leisure. Vacation = travel 80k from home. That Measure is nonsensical in the North.
favorite like
0 liked this
kpor
Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 23:36
Measuring visits at parks and historical sites would measure tourists more than locals. Besides that, most of us can't go about our day without crossing a historical site. 80 km away for vacation doesn't make sense - people from Whitehorse camp at Wolf Creek, Marsh Lake and Lake Laberge, which are all closer than that. Money spent on culture and recreation doesn't matter when so many events are free or part of family life. Time is more significant than money.
favorite like
0 liked this
Marilyn
Wednesday, May 8, 2019 - 02:01
Again, I feel strongly that these indicators are representative of a certain 'type' of person, and what that person might identify as "leisure" and "culture". The indicators suggests a certain "norm" in terms of lifestyle, and therefore limits the options of leisure and culture. The population of the community defines what those indicators are, and so the survey should welcome the population to define, and reveal what represents leisure and culture for them.
favorite like
0 liked this
valerie
Monday, May 13, 2019 - 09:37
Peoples own satisfaction with their access and time available for leisure and culture activities. Percentage of people taking their vacation (as opposed to getting it paid out).
favorite like
0 liked this
open
Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 12:00

Healthy populations

Healthy populations is one of the eight domains under the Canadian Index of Wellbeing

What do you think about these indicators: which do you like and not like, and for what reason?

Are we missing any key indicators under this theme for Yukon? 

Indicators

  • Percentage of population that rates their overall health as very good or excellent
  • Percentage of population with self-reported diabetes
  • Life expectancy at birth in years
  • Percentage of population that rates their mental health as very good or excellent
  • Percentage of population with an absence of health or activity-based limitations
  • Percentage of daily or occasional smokers among teens aged 12 to 19 years
  • Percentage of population getting influenza immunization in past year
  • Percentage of Canadians with a regular medical doctor

Comments

yukonna
Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 20:27
I like a measure of vaccines, but I would not pick flu vaccine as the important one
favorite like
0 liked this
kpor
Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 23:14
I agree with yukonna's comment on vaccines. Percentage of infants/children receiving recommended vaccines? Why only teenaged smokers? And include vaping and marijuana. Maybe dollars per capita spent on alcohol too.
favorite like
0 liked this
John
Monday, April 29, 2019 - 21:19
Thanks Kpor - that is a great point. We need to think broadly.
favorite like
0 liked this
Marilyn
Wednesday, May 8, 2019 - 01:49
I agree with kapok, that percentages of users of any substance that would be considered self medication or addiction should be measured. I am starting to understand that these indicators may need to be much broader than I am comfortable with, and so I will take that into account. Again, I feel compelled to suggest that the indicators will not reflect the reality of the community, and therefore result in the subsequent inadequacy of the "community" to address the disparity of community well being that exists between First Nations persons, and those that are not.
favorite like
0 liked this
Marilyn
Wednesday, May 8, 2019 - 02:20
In addition, I notice that diabetes is listed as a significant indicator...why not breast cancer and heart problems? An indicator of all recommended vaccinations? Percentage of persons with chronic conditions that limit their ability to participate in life fully. Percentage of people with disabilities...and what they can or can't access in the community. Support groups? Use of mental health programs provided in the community.
favorite like
0 liked this
valerie
Monday, May 13, 2019 - 09:09
Percentage of population that feels they have tools and support to manage or prevent chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, and diabetes. Percentage of population that feels their health concerns are adequately heard and addressed by the health care system.
favorite like
0 liked this
open
Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 12:00

Environment

Environment is one of the eight domains under the Canadian Index of Wellbeing.

What do you think about these indicators: which do you like and not like, and for what reason?

Are we missing any key indicators under this theme for Yukon? 

Indicators

  • Ground level ozone (population weighted in parts per billion)
  • Absolute greenhouse gas emissions (megatonnes of CO2 per year)
  • Primary energy production (terajoules)
  • Residential energy use (petajoules per 1,000 households)
  • Annual water yield in Southern Canada (km3)
  • Viable Metal Reserves Index
  • Total farm land (hectares)
  • Ecological footprint

Comments

John
Monday, April 29, 2019 - 21:20
Hi folks! Under the 'Environment Domain', what indicators make sense for us as Yukoners?
favorite like
0 liked this
Marilyn
Wednesday, May 8, 2019 - 01:39
Can you expand on Ecological Footprint, and how you will assess this indicator?
favorite like
0 liked this
John
Thursday, May 9, 2019 - 08:56
The 'Ecological Footprint' idea comes from the Global Footprint Network website (https://www.footprintnetwork.org/). The CIW leverages the network to calculate footprint, which is defined as: "Ecological Footprint of consumption (EFC) - The most commonly reported type of Ecological Footprint, it is defined as the area used to support a defined population’s consumption. The consumption Footprint (in gha) includes the area needed to produce the materials consumed and the area needed to absorb the carbon dioxide emissions. The consumption Footprint of a nation is calculated in the National Footprint Accounts as a nation’s primary production Footprint plus the Footprint of imports minus the Footprint of exports, and is thus, strictly speaking, a Footprint of apparent consumption. The national average of per capita Consumption Footprint is equal to a country’s Consumption Footprint divided by its population." Hope that helps!
favorite like
0 liked this
open
Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 12:00

Democratic engagement

Democratic engagement is one of the eight domains under the Canadian Index of Wellbeing.

What do you think about these indicators: which do you like and not like, and for what reason?

Are we missing any key indicators under this theme for Yukon? 

Indicators

  • Percentage of voter turnout at federal elections 
  • Ratio of registered to eligible voters
  • Percentage of population that volunteers for a law, advocacy or political group
  • Gap in percentage turnout between older and younger voters
  • Percentage of Members of Parliament's office budget devoted to sending communications to constituents
  • Percentage of women in Federal Parliament
  • Percentage of population that is very or fairly satisfied with way democracy works in Canada
  • Percentage of population with a great deal or quite a lot of confidence in Federal Parliament

Comments

yukonna
Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 20:25
% of MP budget that goes to mail outs? good grief NO! Make it stop!
favorite like
0 liked this
Marilyn
Wednesday, May 8, 2019 - 02:22
% of visible minorities, First Nation persons, non-white persons
favorite like
0 liked this
open
Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 12:00

Time use

Time use is one of the eight domains under the Canadian Index of Wellbeing.

What do you think about these indicators: which do you like and not like, and for what reason?

Are we missing any key indicators under this theme for Yukon? 

Indicators

  • Percentage of Canadians 25 to 64 years of age working over 50 hours per week at main job
  • Average daily amount of time with friends (minutes per day)
  • Percentage of labour force working under 30 hours per week, not by choice
  • Mean workday commute time for individuals working for pay
  • Percentage of individuals working for pay with flexible work hours
  • Percentage of labour force with regular, weekday work hours
  • Percentage of 15 to 64 years old reporting high levels of time pressure
  • Percentage of Canadians who report 7 to 9 hours of good quality essential sleep

Comments

yukonna
Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 20:39
For Indicator on flexible hours, it is not clear if it is by arrangement that those hours are flexible (flex time or compressed work week) or if it is that a persons hours change week over week based on employers needs
favorite like
0 liked this
kpor
Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 23:46
Time spent on screens? Or does that go under health? Does time with friends include family?
favorite like
0 liked this
Marilyn
Wednesday, May 8, 2019 - 02:30
Child care? Transportation? Nutrition? Access for disabled persons..to buildings, events, etc? Emergency infrastructure? Women's Shelters? Children's protective services? Affordable and available housing?
favorite like
0 liked this